In physical security assessment, there is more than just measuring the thickness of a material or testing for permeability – physical penetration testing addresses the attack itself. Physical penetration testing simulates an attack situation where a hostile actor seeks to penetrate a company’s physical barriers in order to gain unauthorized access to systems, buildings, infrastructure, and assets. Penetration testing is an integral part of the Secure Product Suite methodology, which is used to test for threats from all possible sources and to identify vulnerabilities in infrastructure and applications.
The Secure Product Suite includes a variety of penetration testing tools that assess the permeability of physical security controls. These tools run on the Windows server and can be configured to perform on a specific network or to be used in a virtual environment. The tools run in the background, gathering network traffic for analysis. When an intrusion is detected, the tool then performs a series of physical security checks to determine if the security controls are breached. If so, the program displays an authorization failure, a detailed log of the detected intrusion, and various other details needed for reporting.
To perform physical penetration testing, the computer must be in an area where the attacker can have physical access to the targeted machine. Common methods of penetrating a machine include bypassing protocol encryption, injecting a payload into a process, and injecting a Trojan into an application. Some attacks can also use a hidden key to gain physical access. Regardless of the method, once an attacker has gained access, he may be able to modify or delete system settings, create new accounts, and execute software.
Physical Penetration Testing
While performing physical penetration testing, it is essential to first gain site access, then move to another secure location. A good practice is to perform a complete system scan in the cyber location to detect any weaknesses that could be exploited to gain unauthorized access. Once vulnerabilities have been identified, the vulnerable machine can be opened up for thorough inspection. In some cases, a tester may use a virtual machine to perform the scanning and vulnerability testing on a remote machine. The results from the scan will provide valuable information about the vulnerability.
In physical penetration testing, various types of attacks may be executed to find out if any of the vulnerabilities have been exploited. Some attacks include application-level attacks (code injection, debug injection, stack overflow, etc. ), physical access control checks, buffer overflows, and directory traversal.
Security companies use physical penetration testing to discover physical security weaknesses that may be exploited to make recommendations to network operators. For example, if a network has multiple levels of authentication, an attacker may be able to get through from one level to another. By using a remote imaging tool, the security company can discover these vulnerabilities and make recommendations to network operators about how to strengthen the network so that these attacks do not continue. Physical security testing is also used to make recommendations about the physical security of networks and firewall policies.